Detecting, Preventing & Managing Diabetes With TVFM
Don’t Be Ruled By Diabetes, Treasure Valley Family Medicine Can Help You!
Diabetes mellitus is a disease which results from a consistently high level of sugar (glucose) in a person’s bloodstream. Some glucose is necessary as fuel for the body, but too much acts like honey – it gums everything up and sticks to important organs, causing them to break down. The reason sugar can build up is a lack of effective insulin – the key hormone needed to unlock the door to cells, allowing them to uptake sugar for energy. When working properly, the pancreas gland will release insulin with meals to keep the sugar within the desired range.
Sugar is measured most commonly with an A1c test– a standardized scale used to measure how much sugar is stuck on the outside of red blood cells. Think of comparing corn flakes to frosted flakes- the more excess sugar, the more frosting will be detected on the red blood cells. Since red cells live 90 days, the test will provide a report card of the average sugar result over the previous 90 days. Fasting is not required.